Emergency Medicine Topics

Abdominal Wall   
   Hernias

Esophagus
  Infectious
    Candida
    Viral Esophagitis
 Inflammatory
   Esophagitis
   GERD
Toxic effects of caustic agents
   Acid
   Alkali
Motor abnormalities
   Spasms
Structural disorders
   Boerhaave’s syndrome (Esophageal Rupture)
   Diverticula
   Foreign body- fishbone, Battery
   Hernias: hiatal, paraesophageal
   Mallory-Weiss syndrome
   Stricture and stenosis
   Tracheoesophageal fistula
   Varices
   Esophageal Tumors

Liver
  Cirrhosis
      Alcoholic
      Biliary Obstruction
      Drug-induced
  Hepatorenal failure
      Acetaminophen Overdose
  Infectious
      Liver Abscess
      Hepatitis
Liver Tumors
     Hepatocellular Carincoma 
Hepatic Encephalopathy

Gall Bladder and Biliary Tract
  Cholangitis
  Cholecystitis
  Cholelithiasis
  Choledocholithiasis
  Tumors

Pancreas
   Pancreatitis
   Pancreatic tumor

Peritoneum
   Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
   Abdominal compartment sx

Stomach
  Infectious 
    Gastroenteritis
  Inflammatory
     Gastritis
     Peptic ulcer disease
     Hemorrhage, Perforation
 Structural disorders
     Congenital Pyloric stenosis
     Foreign body
 Tumors
    Stomach Cancer
 Gastroparesis

Small Bowel
 Infectious disorders
 Inflammatory disorders
     Regional enteritis
     Crohn’s disease
     Gluten enteropathy
 Motor abnormalities
     Small Bowel Obstruction
     Paralytic ileus
 Structural disorders
     Aortoenteric fistula
     Congenital anomalies
     Intestinal malabsorption
     Meckel’s diverticulum
 Tumors
 Vascular insufficiency

Large Bowel
  Infectious
    Bacterial
        Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
   Parasitic
   Viral
   Antibiotic-associated
         Clostridium Difficile

​Inflammatory disorders
    Appendicitis
    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)
    Radiation colitis
    Ulcerative colitis
    Neutropenic enterocolitis/Typhlitis
Motor abnormalities
    Hirschsprung’s disease
    Irritable bowel
    Obstruction
Structural disorders
    Congenital anomalies
    Diverticula
    Intussusception
    Volvulus
    Malrotation
Tumors

Rectum and Anus
  Infectious disorders
    Perianal/Anal abscess
    Perirectal abscess
    Pilonidal cyst and abscess
  Inflammatory disorders
    Proctitis
  Structural disorders
    Anal fissure
    Anal fistula
    Congenital anomalies
    Foreign body
    Hemorrhoids
    Rectal prolapse
    Tumors

Spleen
   Asplenism
   Splenomegaly
   Vascular insufficiency/Infarction

Post-surgical Complications
   Bariatric surgery
   Ostomy